Fun Louisiana Facts for Kids

Louisiana, known as the Pelican State, is a fascinating place filled with rich history, diverse cultures, and unique wildlife. It became the 18th state in 1812 and is home to a population of over 4.6 million people. With its capital in Baton Rouge and its largest city being New Orleans, Louisiana offers a mix of vibrant city life and historical landmarks.

A colorful map of Louisiana with its unique shape and key landmarks, such as the Mississippi River and the French Quarter in New Orleans

The state’s nickname, the Pelican State, comes from its abundant brown pelicans, which are also its state bird. Louisiana is noted for its cultural melting pot, blending French, African, French-Canadian, and American traditions. This diverse culture is reflected in its famous Creole and Cajun cuisines, music, and festivals that draw visitors from around the world.

Indigenous peoples inhabited the land now known as Louisiana for thousands of years. Northeastern Louisiana was home to a flourishing ancient city from about 1700 to 700 BCE, now recognized as Poverty Point National Monument. This historical site is known for its impressive earth mounds and offers a glimpse into the advanced society that built them.

Geography of Louisiana

Lush wetlands with cypress trees and Spanish moss, bayous winding through the landscape, and the mighty Mississippi River flowing through the state

Louisiana is located in the Deep South of the United States. It is bordered by Texas to the west, Arkansas to the north, Mississippi to the east, and the Gulf of Mexico to the south.

Size: The state covers 52,271 square miles, making it the 20th smallest state by area.

Highest Point: Driskill Mountain at 535 feet in Bienville Parish.

Lowest Point: New Orleans at -8 feet, located in Orleans Parish.

Central Point: Approximately 3 miles from Marksville in Avoyelles Parish.

Louisiana has a mix of rivers, swamps, and forests. The Mississippi River runs through the state, making it a vital waterway for transportation and trade.

The state’s wetlands are some of the most extensive in the U.S. These swamps and marshes are home to various wildlife and play an important role in the ecosystem.

The Gulf of Mexico coast provides sandy beaches and is known for its seafood, especially shrimp and crabs.

Major cities like New Orleans and Baton Rouge are located along the Mississippi River. They have unique cultures influenced by French, Spanish, and African heritage.

Quick Facts:

  • Nickname: The Pelican State
  • Capital: Baton Rouge
  • Biggest City: New Orleans
  • Population: Approximately 4.7 million

Louisiana’s diverse geography contributes to its rich culture and history, making it a fascinating state.

History of Louisiana

A swampy landscape with Spanish moss-draped cypress trees, alligators, and colorful birds, reflecting the diverse history and natural beauty of Louisiana

Louisiana has a rich and diverse history. Indigenous peoples lived here thousands of years ago. Evidence shows they started settling permanently around 5,500 years ago.

The French founded New Orleans in 1718. Soon, African slaves were brought to the area. The mix of African, French, and Spanish cultures created a unique culture in Louisiana.

Louisiana became the 18th state in 1812. Just before that, in 1811, the largest slave rebellion in U.S. history, the German Coast Uprising, took place in Louisiana.

In 1861, during the Civil War, Louisiana left the United States to join the Confederacy. By 1862, the Union army captured New Orleans. In 1868, after the war, Louisiana rejoined the Union.

Louisiana made history again in 1901 with the discovery of oil. In 1928, Huey Long, a famous politician, was elected governor. The New Orleans Superdome, a major landmark, was completed in 1975.

New Orleans is also known as the “birthplace of jazz,” and famous jazz musician Louis Armstrong was from Louisiana. The first opera in the United States was performed in New Orleans in 1796.

State Symbols of Louisiana

Louisiana has several state symbols that represent its unique culture and natural beauty.

State Flower:
The magnolia flower was chosen as the state flower in 1900. This evergreen tree has large, fragrant flowers and can be found throughout the state.

State Bird:
The Eastern brown pelican is the state bird. Pelicans are known for their large bills and pouches. They live along Louisiana’s coast and are a symbol of generosity.

State Tree:
The bald cypress became Louisiana’s state tree in 1963. These trees are found in the swamps and wetlands. They are known for their “knees,” which are roots that stick up out of the water.

State Seal:
Louisiana’s state seal features a pelican feeding its young. The pelican is shown tearing flesh from its own breast to feed its chicks. This symbolizes self-sacrifice and is surrounded by the state motto: “Union, Justice, Confidence.”

State Flag:
The state flag of Louisiana features the same pelican feeding its young, set against a blue background. Below the pelican, a ribbon reads the state motto.

These symbols highlight Louisiana’s rich history and natural environment, showcasing its beauty and the values of its people.

Government and Politics in Louisiana

Louisiana’s government is divided into three branches: the Executive, Judicial, and Legislative branches. This setup is outlined in the State Constitution of 1974.

Executive Branch:
The Governor is the head of the state. Other important officials include the Lieutenant Governor, Attorney General, and Secretary of State.

Judicial Branch:
This branch interprets the laws. It includes the Supreme Court, Courts of Appeal, and District Courts.

Legislative Branch:
The Louisiana State Legislature has two chambers: the House of Representatives and the Senate. These chambers create state laws and make decisions about the budget.

Symbols of Louisiana Government:

  • State Motto: “Union, Justice, Confidence”
  • State Capitol: Located in Baton Rouge, a symbol of Louisiana’s government.

The State Capitol building was completed in 1932 and took 14 months to build. It stands at 450 feet tall with 34 stories. This makes it one of the tallest capitol buildings in the United States.

Political History:
From 1898 to 1965, Louisiana was dominated by white Democrats due to laws that excluded most African Americans and many poor whites. In the early 20th century, elites had control until populist Huey Long became governor. Long influenced politics with his ambitious projects and policies.

Louisiana continues to have a vibrant political scene, with many leaders shaping its future.

Economy of Louisiana

Louisiana ranks 27th in size among the U.S. states’ economies. This ranking includes Washington, D.C.

The state has a significant oil and gas industry. Many refineries and petrochemical plants are located here.

Fishing is also crucial, especially for shrimp, oysters, and crabs. The state’s access to the Gulf of Mexico supports this industry.

Agriculture includes crops like sugarcane, rice, and soybeans. Livestock farming is important too, with beef and dairy being significant.

Major industries include:

  • Petroleum and natural gas
  • Chemicals
  • Agriculture
  • Fishing
  • Tourism

New Orleans is a major port city, boosting trade and transportation. The Port of New Orleans is one of the largest in the U.S. by volume.

Tourism plays a big role in the economy because of the state’s rich cultural heritage. Mardi Gras and other festivals attract many visitors.

Manufacturing and shipbuilding are also key sectors. Louisiana produces goods like machinery, food products, and paper.

The government uses data from the Bureau of Economic Analysis and the Bureau of Labor Statistics to track the state’s economic performance.

Louisiana’s economy shows a mix of traditional industries like fishing and modern sectors like oil and gas. This diverse combination supports the state’s growth and development.

Demographics and Culture of Louisiana

Louisiana is home to about 4.7 million people. The capital city is Baton Rouge, while the biggest city is New Orleans. This state has a mix of cultures, including African, French, Spanish, and Native American influences.

Key Facts:

  • Statehood: 1812, 18th state
  • Nickname: The Pelican State
  • Population: 4,681,666

Cultural Influence

Music: Louisiana is famous for its jazz, zydeco, and blues music. New Orleans, in particular, has a rich musical heritage and is the birthplace of jazz.

Food: The state is well-known for its Creole and Cajun cuisines, featuring dishes like gumbo, jambalaya, and crawfish étouffée.

Festivals: Many festivals take place in Louisiana to celebrate its diverse culture. Mardi Gras in New Orleans is one of the most famous festivals in the world.

Language: While English is the main language, some people in Louisiana also speak French or Creole.

Architecture: Louisiana has unique architectural styles influenced by its diverse culture. French Quarter in New Orleans features old French and Spanish buildings.

Religion: The state has a strong Roman Catholic presence, largely due to French and Spanish colonial influence.

Sports: Popular sports in Louisiana include football, basketball, and baseball. The state is home to NFL’s New Orleans Saints and NBA’s New Orleans Pelicans.

Historical Influence

People have lived in Louisiana for thousands of years. Indigenous groups built large earth mounds, some of which still exist, like those at Poverty Point National Monument.

Natural Resources and Environment of Louisiana

Louisiana is rich in natural resources. Some of the most important ones include oil, natural gas, and salt. The state is a leader in the production of petroleum and petrochemical products.

The state’s fishing industry is also significant. Commercial fishing provides plenty of seafood, including shrimp, crabs, and oysters.

Forests cover much of Louisiana, giving a plentiful supply of timber. These forests also provide habitats for diverse wildlife.

The soil in Louisiana is fertile, especially along the Mississippi River. This makes the state a great place for agriculture. Crops like sugarcane, cotton, and soybeans are commonly grown.

Louisiana has a moist, near-tropical climate. Warm winds from the Gulf of Mexico help keep temperatures steady year-round.

Wetlands are another key feature. These areas are home to a wide range of plants and animals, including alligators, fish, and birds. Wetlands also help prevent flooding by absorbing excess water.

However, the state is prone to natural disasters, such as hurricanes and floods. These events can cause significant damage to properties and natural resources.

Protecting the environment is vital. Efforts are being made to conserve wetlands, manage forests sustainably, and reduce pollution in waterways.

In short, Louisiana’s natural resources and environment play a crucial role in its economy and wildlife diversity.

Education in Louisiana

Louisiana’s education system includes public and private schools.

Public Schools
Public schools are open to all children. There are lots of schools, from elementary through high school. Public education is funded by the government.

Private Schools
Many families choose private schools. These schools can be religious or independent. They usually charge tuition.

Students learn subjects like math, reading, and science. They also study social studies and physical education. Some schools offer music and art.

Grades and Testing
Students are usually graded with letters like A, B, C, and so on. They also take standardized tests to check their progress.

Higher Education
Louisiana has several universities and colleges. Some well-known ones are Louisiana State University (LSU) and Tulane University.

School Year
The school year typically starts in August and ends in May. There are breaks for holidays and summer.

Major Cities and Attractions of Louisiana

Baton Rouge

The capital city of Louisiana is Baton Rouge. It’s home to the Louisiana State Capitol, the tallest capitol building in the United States. Kids might also enjoy visiting the USS Kidd, a World War II destroyer that now serves as a museum.

New Orleans

New Orleans, the largest city in Louisiana, is famous for its vibrant music scene and unique cuisine. The French Quarter is a must-see with its historic buildings and lively atmosphere. Kids can also visit the Audubon Zoo and the Louisiana Children’s Museum.


Shreveport is known for its cultural attractions and riverfront activities. The Sci-Port Discovery Center offers a fun and educational experience with hands-on exhibits in science, math, and technology. Families might also enjoy the R.W. Norton Art Gallery, featuring beautiful gardens and a large art collection.

Lake Charles

Lake Charles is a great place for outdoor adventures. Millennium Park in Lake Charles offers a lot of fun activities for kids, including playgrounds and a splash park. Prien Lake Park is another family-friendly spot with picnic areas, walking paths, and a boat launch.


Lafayette, in the heart of Cajun Country, is known for its rich cultural heritage. Vermilionville is a living history museum that showcases the Acadian, Creole, and Native American cultures. Kids can also explore the Children’s Museum of Acadiana, which has interactive exhibits.


Monroe is home to the Biedenharn Museum & Gardens, where visitors can see a variety of exhibits, including a Coca-Cola museum. The Louisiana Purchase Gardens and Zoo is another attraction that offers a fun day out with animals and beautiful botanical gardens.

Louisiana Cuisine

Louisiana cuisine is famous for its rich and diverse flavors. It has two main styles: Creole and Cajun.

Creole cuisine blends French, Spanish, African, and Caribbean flavors. Popular Creole dishes include jambalaya, gumbo, and beignets. These dishes often use ingredients like tomatoes, rice, seafood, and spices.

Cajun cuisine is rustic and hearty. It comes from the French-speaking Acadians. Common cooking methods include boiling, deep frying, and smothering. Famous Cajun dishes are crawfish étouffée, boudin sausage, and jambalaya. Cajun food often features spicy seasonings like cayenne pepper.

Popular Louisiana Dishes:

  • Gumbo: A thick stew with seafood, sausage, and okra.
  • Jambalaya: A rice dish with meat, seafood, and vegetables.
  • Po’boys: A sandwich with fried seafood or meat, served on French bread.
  • Beignets: Fried dough covered in powdered sugar.
  • King Cake: A colorful cake eaten during Mardi Gras.

Sugarcane is another key part of Louisiana cuisine. It was first refined into sugar in the state in the late 1700s. Today, sugar is used in many local desserts and sweets.

Many dishes start with the “holy trinity” of onions, bell peppers, and celery. This mix forms the base of many soups, stews, and sauces.

Louisiana’s flavorful cuisine makes it a unique and tasty part of American culture.

Festivals and Events in Louisiana

Louisiana is famous for its vibrant festivals and events throughout the year. With over 400 celebrations, there’s always something happening.

Music Lovers: Louisiana is the birthplace of jazz, and events like the New Orleans Jazz & Heritage Festival showcase world-class musicians.

Mardi Gras is perhaps the most famous event, featuring parades, music, and colorful costumes. This celebration attracts millions of visitors each year.

For Foodies: The Crawfish Festival in Breaux Bridge offers delicious seafood and live music. Another favorite is the Louisiana Seafood Festival in New Orleans, celebrating the state’s rich seafood heritage.

Family Fun: The State Fair of Louisiana in Shreveport provides carnival rides, games, and food. It’s a great place for kids and families to enjoy live music and competitions.

Cultural Events: The Festival Acadiens et Créoles in Lafayette honors French Creole and Cajun traditions with music, food, and crafts.

Sports Enthusiasts: Bayou Classic is an annual college football game between Grambling State University and Southern University, held in the Mercedes-Benz Superdome.

Art and Crafts: The New Orleans Jazz & Heritage Festival also features an arts and crafts section where local artists display their work.

Holiday Celebrations: The Natchitoches Christmas Festival is a holiday tradition with fireworks, parades, and over 300,000 lights decorating the historic downtown.

Visitors and locals alike find joy in these diverse events, reflecting Louisiana’s rich culture and heritage.

Important Figures in Louisiana’s History

Huey Long
Huey Long served as Louisiana’s governor from 1928 to 1932 and later became a U.S. Senator. Known for his ambitious policies and powerful speeches, Long was a controversial and influential figure in Louisiana politics.

Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville
Bienville founded New Orleans in 1718. As a French colonial governor, he played a significant role in the early development of Louisiana.

Hernando de Soto
De Soto, a Spanish explorer, claimed the territory for Spain in 1541. His expeditions helped Europeans learn more about the region.

Andrew Jackson
Jackson led American forces to victory in the Battle of New Orleans during the War of 1812. This battle was key to securing the city and boosted his national reputation.

P.G.T. Beauregard
A general in the Confederate Army, Beauregard commanded troops during the Civil War. He was born in St. Bernard Parish and became a notable military leader.

Claudette Colvin
Born in Alabama, Colvin later moved to Baton Rouge. Before Rosa Parks, Colvin refused to give up her bus seat to a white person, making her an important yet lesser-known figure in civil rights history.

Louis Armstrong
Armstrong, a trumpet player and singer, was born in New Orleans. He became one of the most influential figures in jazz music, bringing the sounds of Louisiana to the world.

Kate Chopin
A novelist and short story writer, Chopin spent much of her life in Louisiana. Her works often explore life in Louisiana and remain important in American literature.

Louisiana’s Role in American History

Louisiana has a rich and important history in the United States. People first arrived in the area that is now Louisiana about 12,000 years ago.

In 1541, Hernando de Soto claimed the territory for Spain. Later, in 1682, France took control.

On April 30, 1812, Louisiana became the 18th state of the United States.

The final major battle of the War of 1812, the Battle of New Orleans, took place in Louisiana. This battle ended with a victory for the U.S.

By 1860, Louisiana was a leading slave state, with 47% of the population enslaved.

In 1811, the largest slave rebellion in U.S. history, the German Coast Uprising, took place in Louisiana. It was put down by white planters and government forces.

During the Civil War, Louisiana joined the Confederacy in 1861.

The Union army captured New Orleans in 1862, and Louisiana was readmitted to the Union in 1868.

Important events in the state’s later history include the discovery of oil in 1901 and the election of Huey Long as governor in 1928.

New Orleans, Louisiana, played a key role in the history of music.

The famous jazz musician Louis Armstrong is from Louisiana, and the first opera in the United States was performed in New Orleans in 1796.

These points mark some of the significant moments in Louisiana’s role in American history.

Transportation in Louisiana

Louisiana has an extensive transportation network. This system includes highways, bridges, and waterways. It plays a crucial role in the state’s economy.


  • Major north-south routes: US 71, 171, 167, 165, 61
  • Key interstates: I-55, I-49, I-59

These roads connect many parts of the state, making travel easier for residents and visitors.


  • There are many rivers in Louisiana.
  • The Mississippi River is an important waterway.

The state’s location along the Gulf of Mexico makes its ports busy with shipping activities.


  • Railroads carry goods across the state.
  • They connect to major cities and ports.

Louisiana’s train system helps transport products like oil, gas, and crops.

Public Transportation:

  • Cities like New Orleans have buses and streetcars.
  • Baton Rouge also has buses.


  • Major airport: Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport
  • Other airports: Baton Rouge Metropolitan Airport, Shreveport Regional Airport

These airports connect Louisiana to many national and international destinations.

Overall, transportation in Louisiana is diverse and helps keep people and goods moving smoothly across the state.

Sports and Recreation in Louisiana

Louisiana offers a rich mix of sports and recreational activities. The state is well-known for its diverse culture and stunning landscapes, which provide plenty of outdoor fun.

Baton Rouge and New Orleans are two cities where sports are a big deal. The LSU Tigers football team in Baton Rouge has a large fan base, and their games at Tiger Stadium are very popular.

In New Orleans, people cheer for the New Orleans Saints, the city’s NFL team. The New Orleans Pelicans, the city’s NBA team, also have many fans.

Outdoor activities are plentiful in Louisiana. The Mississippi River and numerous lakes and bayous are perfect for fishing, boating, and kayaking. The state’s parks and trails offer great spots for hiking and biking.

Louisiana’s warm climate makes it a great place for year-round sports. Kids play baseball, soccer, and basketball in local leagues. Swimming and water sports are also popular, especially during the hot summer months.

Festivals celebrating sports and outdoor activities are common. For example, the state hosts fishing tournaments, marathons, and cycling events that attract participants from all over.

With its mix of professional teams, outdoor adventures, and community sports, Louisiana offers something for every sports enthusiast.

Stephanie Creek